Difference between revisions of "Lora Relay"
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== Resources ==
== Resources ==
Revision as of 09:35, 24 June 2020
- This is a relay module that could be controlled by Lora, with max current 30A/240V. Based on RFM98W, it support max 4~5 km Lora communication.
- This Lora relay module is preloaded Arduino Pro mini(3.3v 8M) bootloader and simple demo firmware Lora Relay V1.1, the users could freely change/update the firmware with Arduino IDE, with a common UART tool (Note that if there no DTR in your UART tool, you will need to press reset button to reset the controller Mega328P manually).
- Lora Relay transceivers feature the LoRa long range modem that provides ultra-long range spread spectrum communication and high interference immunity.
- Lora Relay offers bandwidth options ranging from 7.8125kHz to 500 kHz with spreading factors ranging from 6 to 12, there are three choices of the working frequency.
|Item||Lora Module||working frequency|
|Lora Relay 433M||RFM98W-433MHz/SX1278||433MHz|
|Lora Relay 868M||RFM95W-868MHz||868MHz|
|Lora Relay 915M||RFM95W-915MHz||915MHz|
Free ISM bands world Wide(come from TI)
Lora Relay based on the Arduino, users can program it with Arduino IDE, which is very easy especially suit for the none-programmers. There are also guide for users to learn how to create the first IoT project with this board, with which the starters can learn the hardware and programming skill quickly.
- 1. Lora Relay
- 2. Maduino Lora Radio
- 3. USB-to-UART tool
- 4. DC12V Adapter(at least 200mA)
- 5. microUSB Cable
- 6. PC
This guides help you how to use a Maduino Lora Radio transmit messages to control the Lora Relay switch on or off. You can get Maduino Lora Radio from:
This Lora Relay can be used to switch the AC bulb light on or off.
We integrated the 30A current relay, which will give you a wide use for large current device.
Notice: Maduino Lora Radio and the Lora Relay must have the same work frequency. Otherwise, it receive nothing from another.
• ATMEL Atmega328P: High Performance, Low Power Atmel®AVR® 8-Bit Microcontroller
• Speed Grade:20Mhz
• RAM: 2KBytes
• EEPROM: 1KBytes
• DC12V input
• Max Switch current:30A
• Max Switch Voltage: 250VAC
• Max Switch Power:7200VA
• Relay Contact form: SPDT
• Relay Coil Rated voltage：12V DC
• Relay Coil Rated current：75mA
• Relay Coil Rated resistance：160Ω±10%
• Relay Coil Pick-up Voltage: 75%Max
• Relay Coil Dropout Voltage: 10%Min
• Relay Coil Maximum voltage: 130%Max
• Mechanical Service life: 100,000 operations min. (at 1,800 operations/hour)
• Electrical Service life: 10,000,000(at 1,800 operations/hour)
• Temperature Range: -40C to 85C
|PWR||Light on when powered on, light off when powered off|
|RL||Light on when COM connect to NO, Light off when COM connect to NC Normally light off|
|Status||Blink, can be controlled by PIN D5|
②PWR: power LED
④Status: Status LED
⑧DC: DC12V in
⑨RL: Relay LED
⑩Relay: 30A Relay
Lora Relay requires a USB-to-UART tool to upload firmware to it, you can get it from:
Install the CP2102 driver from:
|Lora Relay||USB-to-UART Tool|
After a Arduino IDE installed, there is a default package to support Lora Soil Moisture Sensor(Arduino Zero ),
From the top Arduino IDE menu, select Tools-> Board-> Arduino Pro or Pro Mini
Open LoraRelayReciecer.ino, verify and upload the firmware to Lora Relay.
Modify the frequency macro according to your board is 433Mhz or 868Mhz or 915Mhz.
If your Lora board is 433MHz:
#define RF95_FREQ 433.0
If your Lora board is 868MHz:
#define RF95_FREQ 868.0
If your Lora board is 915MHz:
#define RF95_FREQ 915.0
Tips: Lora Relay designed as a product, so it not integrates the USB-to-UART on board. If you upload the firmware fails, press and hold the Reset button before upload the firmware. When the IDE shows below, then release the button that may helped to upload the firmware success. That’s we need a reset the MCU when upload the firmware.
The following table lists all of the relay's pins and their functionality.
Normally, when Pin D4 output LOW the relay is not triggered, COM connects to NC.
Contrarily, when Pin D4 output LOW the relay is triggered, COM connects to NO.
The Power LED will light up when the board is powered. The RL LED will light up when the relay has been triggered.
The onboard screw terminal should be used to connect your high-power load. The middle COM pin should be hooked up to the Live wire (Usually black) coming from the wall, while NO or NC should be connected to the Live wire on the device side of things.
Example wire connection
Example wire connection
Note: Not sure about what color insulation wiring is used in your region? Check out the standard wire insulation colors listed online for reference. If you are unsure about the standard wiring color in your region, please consult a certified electrician to connect to the AC input voltage side.
⚡ Warning! Make sure the cable is not plugged into the wall as you cut into the wire in the following section.
You'll also need to place the relay in line with the AC powered item you're attempting to control. You'll have to cut your live AC line (usually black or red) and connect one end of the cut wire to COM and the other to NC or NO, depending on what you want the resting state of your device to be. If your AC device is going to be on for most of the time, and you occasionally want to turn it off, you should connect one end to COM and the other to NC. Connect to NO if the device will be off for most of the time.
⚡ Warning! Please be careful when handling the contacts when the cable is plugged into a wall outlet. Touching the contacts while powered could result in injury.
Forbidding connect Live and Neutral wire to the onboard screw terminal, it will make Live and Neutral in short circuit in normal case or when relay triggered.
Put the Lora Relay aside, now we need to make the Lora Radio Transmitter.
Open the code LoraTransmitter.ino
Select the Arduino Pro or Pro mini
Verify and upload the firmware.
The Transmitter will send message via Lora 433/868Mhz frequency. And the Lora Relay will receive the result and print them in the Serial Monitor. The Lora Relay Received the message from the Maduino Lora Radio, it will switch on or off repeatedly.
The default configurations of Lora Relay:
|Lora Frequency||433MHz/868Mhz/915Mhz||Depend on which frequency you bought|
|Spread Factor||128chips/symbol||Sf7 = 128chips/symbol|
|Cycle Rate||4/5||CodeRate1= 4/5 Cycle Rate|
You can list your questions here or contact with email@example.com for technology support.